Hermigua ist a canarian village which belongs to the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife; it is situated in the north of La Gomera island. The Hermigua valley was, together with the nearby village of Agulo, one aborigenal territory called “Mulagua”. Hermigua is a paradise of green patches, banana plants, tranquility and appeasement. It´s 21 kilometres from the islands capital San Sebastian de La Gomera, has an extention of 39,67 square kilometres and around 2000 habitants. With an altitude of an average of 210 over sea level it opens to the Atlantic Ocean with a coastline of more than 8 kilometres.
Hermigua descends from “Garajonay” national park until the ocean as a green carpet of Laurel trees, bog myrtles and banana plants to run out near the davit (“El Pescante”) which is washed around by the Atlantic Ocean. This quiet and deep valley hides a good part of the gomerian history und supposes to be a meeting for the avid visitor with nature and tranquility.
The poblation divides into multiple settlements along the valley. In the National Park area we have the settlements of El Cedro and Los Aceviños where the rehabilitation of tradicional houses – for its use in rural turism or second home – has incremented during the last years. If we go on to the coast we`ll find Santa Catalina and Los Pedacitos. Other important centres of settlement – apart from the town centre – are: Lomo San Pedro, Estanquillo, Corralete, Las Cabezadas, Las Casas, La Cerca, La Poyata, San Antonio, Las Hoyetas, El Andén, El Curato, Ibo Alfaro, Piedra Romana, El Tabaibal, Callejón de Ordaiz, El Palmarejo, La Castellana, La Punta, Altozano, Llano Campo y Las Nuevitas.
The first poblated area in Hermigua was the upper villaje with the church Santo Domingo and the convent of the same denomination, built between 1515 and 1520. The creation of the lower part of the villaje was later when the church “Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación” was built in 1650. The hermiguan coastline also hides a lot of history – like the one of Juan Rejón, first conqueror of Gran Canaria, who cameo ver to this place in the 15th century because of a storm while he was travelling to conquer La Palma. Rejón anchored his ships in the hermiguan bay and disposed to rest at the Santa Catalina beach when he was killed by hands of the local tyrant – Hernán Peraza – because of old personal spats. Also on the coastline we find the pier, cement columns which remember not far away past with agricultural and economical grandeur. The achievement of this remarkable engineering work was done because of the need of giving an exit to the local tomatoe and banana production. The biggest landlords of the villaje and some emigrants who had returned from Cuba with a Little fortune inverted into agriculture widened out their cultivated properties and constructed water channels to ensure the irrigation. This was a big milestone in the socioeconomic history of the valley. To explain the impact that this important infrastructure had, it`s said that in Hermigua there are two eras – before and after the pier. The local infrastructure was determined by the irrigated cultivations which followed one after the other in Canarias from sugar cane in the 16th century until the banana, which means part of the wealth in the present maintaing the landscape with wine, cochinilla and tomatoes; but also cultures for self-sufficiency, like cereals, vegetables, potatoes and fruit, which have created one of the most beautiful agriculture areas of the island with patches climbing the hillsides of the valley. The local economic activity is complemented by commerce and services and largely by rural turism. In fact Hermigua has a variety of rural accomodations: houses, apartments, hotels and hostels which stretch from the coast to the mountain.
Like places to visit there must be stated the national park “Garajonay” which offers the possibility to hike, take potos and other activities related with nature. Because of their beauty there also must be mentioned: the waterfall “El Chorro” – the highest cascade oft the canarian islands, the natural park “Majona”, the ZEPA zone “Barranco de Liria” and the beaches “La Caleta” and “Santa Catalina”. The hermiguan davit is another turistic attraction worth to visit, because it has a natural swimming pool ideal to bath. In cultural aspects there stand out interesting places for the visitor like the church “Santo Domingo de Guzmán”, part of the old dominican convent of San Pedro, the church “Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación” in the lower part of the villaje, with a picture of this virgen made by the sculptor Fernándo Estévez (1788-1854) from La Orotava in Tenerife, the chapels of El Cedro and Los Aceviños and the Ethnographic Museum of La Gomera. Apart from hiking the municipality offers turistic activities as spotlight during the “Active tourism week” which are Mountain Bike, Paragliding, Climbing, Mountain Race, Canoeing, Surf, Body Board etc. To rest and recover there is nothing better tan to lodge in one of the many accommodations in the municipality or enjoy food in a bar or restaurant.