Natural Parks are those large natural areas, that are not significantly changed by human exploitation or occupation and whose natural beauty, wildlife, flora and gea as a whole are considered unique examples of natural heritage of the Canary Islands. Its declaration is aimed to presere natural resources for public enjoyment, education and scientific research in a manner consistent with their conservation, having no room for residential uses or others beyond its purpose.
Majona was established by Law 12/1987, of June 19, from the Declaration of Canary Island Natural Areas, as a Natural Park, and reclassified to its current category by Law 12/1994 of 19 December on the Canary Island Natural Areas. The park is also, by definition, area of environmental sensitivity over its entire surface, suitable for the purposes of the Act 11/1990, of 13 July, about ecological impact prevention and the territory of the National Park area has the status of Area of Special Conservation (SACs) under the provisions of Decree 174/2009, of 29 December, by which Special Areas of Conservation of Natura 2000 in the Canaries are declared and measures to maintain a favorable conservation status of these natural areas (BOC # 7 of 13 January 2010).
The park, with 1757.1 hectares is located in one of the wildest areas of the island of La Gomera, from the heights of Enchereda descend the big ravines of Majona and Juel, shaping the park. Formerly the protected area was a comunal pasture and you can still observe grazing activities in the protected area that are performed in some isolated areas such as Taguluche, Juel or Enchereda. In areas adjacent to the park there are settlements like Palmar or Cuevas Blancas. Majona is a representative landscape of rugged terrain where erosion has carved big ravines and cliffs of considerable geomorphological interest. The woodland at the head of these ravines plays an important role in the protection of soil and groundwater recharge, as well as offering additional scientific interest because of having many endemic and endangered species like the Cardoncillo cactus (Ceropegia dichotoma krainzii) and the Aeonium “bejeque” (Aeonium gomerense) and varied samples of habitats.
The diversity of climates propitiated by the trade winds results in a rich and extensive vegetation, among which we can distinguish areas of Canary Island pine and Aleppo pine, juniper and olive tres and laurel at the bottom of the ravines, being the most representative of the place the tabaiba in low areas and at higher altitudes – where it receives the influence of the sea of clouds – heath myrtle. Regarding to the fauna populations of laurel pigeons (Columba junoniae) and Bolle (Bolle’s pigeon) and African Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus), etc. stand out.